Shared TDE VNC library sources
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libtdevnc/test/bmp.c

390 lines
12 KiB

Replace TightVNC encoder with TurboVNC encoder. This patch is the result of further research and discussion that revealed the following: -- TightPng encoding and the rfbTightNoZlib extension need not conflict. Since TightPng is a separate encoding type, not supported by TurboVNC-compatible viewers, then the rfbTightNoZlib extension can be used solely whenever the encoding type is Tight and disabled with the encoding type is TightPng. -- In the TightVNC encoder, compression levels above 5 are basically useless. On the set of 20 low-level datasets that were used to design the TurboVNC encoder (these include the eight 2D application captures that were also used when designing the TightVNC encoder, as well as 12 3D application captures provided by the VirtualGL Project-- see http://www.virtualgl.org/pmwiki/uploads/About/tighttoturbo.pdf), moving from Compression Level (CL) 5 to CL 9 in the TightVNC encoder did not increase the compression ratio of any datasets more than 10%, and the compression ratio only increased by more than 5% on four of them. The compression ratio actually decreased a few percent on five of them. In exchange for this paltry increase in compression ratio, the CPU usage, on average, went up by a factor of 5. Thus, for all intents and purposes, TightVNC CL 5 provides the "best useful compression" for that encoder. -- TurboVNC's best compression level (CL 2) compresses 3D and video workloads significantly more "tightly" than TightVNC CL 5 (~70% better, in the aggregate) but does not quite achieve the same level of compression with 2D workloads (~20% worse, in the aggregate.) This decrease in compression ratio may or may not be noticeable, since many of the datasets it affects are not performance-critical (such as the console output of a compilation, etc.) However, for peace of mind, it was still desirable to have a mode that compressed with equal "tightness" to TightVNC CL 5, since we proposed to replace that encoder entirely. -- A new mode was discovered in the TurboVNC encoder that produces, in the aggregate, similar compression ratios on 2D datasets as TightVNC CL 5. That new mode involves using Zlib level 7 (the same level used by TightVNC CL 5) but setting the "palette threshold" to 256, so that indexed color encoding is used whenever possible. This mode reduces bandwidth only marginally (typically 10-20%) relative to TurboVNC CL 2 on low-color workloads, in exchange for nearly doubling CPU usage, and it does not benefit high-color workloads at all (since those are usually encoded with JPEG.) However, it provides a means of reproducing the same "tightness" as the TightVNC encoder on 2D workloads without sacrificing any compression for 3D/video workloads, and without using any more CPU time than necessary. -- The TurboVNC encoder still performs as well or better than the TightVNC encoder when plain libjpeg is used instead of libjpeg-turbo. Specific notes follow: common/turbojpeg.c common/turbojpeg.h: Added code to emulate the libjpeg-turbo colorspace extensions, so that the TurboJPEG wrapper can be used with plain libjpeg as well. This required updating the TurboJPEG wrapper to the latest code from libjpeg-turbo 1.2.0, mainly because the TurboJPEG 1.2 API handles pixel formats in a much cleaner way, which made the conversion code easier to write. It also eases the maintenance to have the wrapper synced as much as possible with the upstream code base (so I can merge any relevant bug fixes that are discovered upstream.) The libvncserver version of the TurboJPEG wrapper is a "lite" version, containing only the JPEG compression/decompression code and not the lossless transform, YUV encoding/decoding, and dynamic buffer allocation features from TurboJPEG 1.2. configure.ac: Removed the --with-turbovnc option. configure still checks for the presence of libjpeg-turbo, but only for the purposes of printing a performance warning if it isn't available. rfb/rfb.h: Fix a bug introduced with the initial TurboVNC encoder patch. We cannot use tightQualityLevel for the TurboVNC 1-100 quality level, because tightQualityLevel is also used by ZRLE. Thus, a new parameter (turboQualityLevel) was created. rfb/rfbproto.h: Remove TurboVNC-specific #ifdefs and language libvncserver/rfbserver.c: Remove TurboVNC-specific #ifdefs. Fix afore-mentioned tightQualityLevel bug. libvncserver/tight.c: Replaced the TightVNC encoder with the TurboVNC encoder. Relative to the initial TurboVNC encoder patch, this patch also: -- Adds TightPng support to the TurboVNC encoder -- Adds the afore-mentioned low-bandwidth mode, which is mapped externally to Compression Level 9 test/*: Included TJUnitTest (a regression test for the TurboJPEG wrapper) as well as TJBench (a benchmark for same.) These are useful for ensuring that the wrapper still functions correctly and performantly if it needs to be modified for whatever reason. Both of these programs are derived from libjpeg-turbo 1.2.0. As with the TurboJPEG wrapper, they do not contain the more advanced features of TurboJPEG 1.2, such as YUV encoding/decoding and lossless transforms.
11 years ago
/* Copyright (C)2004 Landmark Graphics Corporation
* Copyright (C)2005 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
* Copyright (C)2010, 2012 D. R. Commander
*
* This library is free software and may be redistributed and/or modified under
* the terms of the wxWindows Library License, Version 3.1 or (at your option)
* any later version. The full license is in the LICENSE.txt file included
* with this distribution.
*
* This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* wxWindows Library License for more details.
*/
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#ifdef _WIN32
#include <io.h>
#else
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#include "./tjutil.h"
#include "./bmp.h"
#define byteswap(i) ( \
(((i) & 0xff000000) >> 24) | \
(((i) & 0x00ff0000) >> 8) | \
(((i) & 0x0000ff00) << 8) | \
(((i) & 0x000000ff) << 24) )
#define byteswap16(i) ( \
(((i) & 0xff00) >> 8) | \
(((i) & 0x00ff) << 8) )
static __inline int littleendian(void)
{
unsigned int value=1;
unsigned char *ptr=(unsigned char *)(&value);
if(ptr[0]==1 && ptr[3]==0) return 1;
else return 0;
}
#ifndef BI_BITFIELDS
#define BI_BITFIELDS 3L
#endif
#ifndef BI_RGB
#define BI_RGB 0L
#endif
#define BMPHDRSIZE 54
typedef struct _bmphdr
{
unsigned short bfType;
unsigned int bfSize;
unsigned short bfReserved1, bfReserved2;
unsigned int bfOffBits;
unsigned int biSize;
int biWidth, biHeight;
unsigned short biPlanes, biBitCount;
unsigned int biCompression, biSizeImage;
int biXPelsPerMeter, biYPelsPerMeter;
unsigned int biClrUsed, biClrImportant;
} bmphdr;
static const char *__bmperr="No error";
static const int ps[BMPPIXELFORMATS]={3, 4, 3, 4, 4, 4};
static const int roffset[BMPPIXELFORMATS]={0, 0, 2, 2, 3, 1};
static const int goffset[BMPPIXELFORMATS]={1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 2};
static const int boffset[BMPPIXELFORMATS]={2, 2, 0, 0, 1, 3};
#define _throw(m) {__bmperr=m; retcode=-1; goto finally;}
#define _unix(f) {if((f)==-1) _throw(strerror(errno));}
#define _catch(f) {if((f)==-1) {retcode=-1; goto finally;}}
#define readme(fd, addr, size) \
if((bytesread=read(fd, addr, (size)))==-1) _throw(strerror(errno)); \
if(bytesread!=(size)) _throw("Read error");
void pixelconvert(unsigned char *srcbuf, enum BMPPIXELFORMAT srcformat,
int srcpitch, unsigned char *dstbuf, enum BMPPIXELFORMAT dstformat, int dstpitch,
int w, int h, int flip)
{
unsigned char *srcptr, *srcptr0, *dstptr, *dstptr0;
int i, j;
srcptr=flip? &srcbuf[srcpitch*(h-1)]:srcbuf;
for(j=0, dstptr=dstbuf; j<h; j++,
srcptr+=flip? -srcpitch:srcpitch, dstptr+=dstpitch)
{
for(i=0, srcptr0=srcptr, dstptr0=dstptr; i<w; i++,
srcptr0+=ps[srcformat], dstptr0+=ps[dstformat])
{
dstptr0[roffset[dstformat]]=srcptr0[roffset[srcformat]];
dstptr0[goffset[dstformat]]=srcptr0[goffset[srcformat]];
dstptr0[boffset[dstformat]]=srcptr0[boffset[srcformat]];
}
}
}
int loadppm(int *fd, unsigned char **buf, int *w, int *h,
enum BMPPIXELFORMAT f, int align, int dstbottomup, int ascii)
{
FILE *fs=NULL; int retcode=0, scalefactor, dstpitch;
unsigned char *tempbuf=NULL; char temps[255], temps2[255];
int numread=0, totalread=0, pixel[3], i, j;
if((fs=fdopen(*fd, "r"))==NULL) _throw(strerror(errno));
do
{
if(!fgets(temps, 255, fs)) _throw("Read error");
if(strlen(temps)==0 || temps[0]=='\n') continue;
if(sscanf(temps, "%s", temps2)==1 && temps2[1]=='#') continue;
switch(totalread)
{
case 0:
if((numread=sscanf(temps, "%d %d %d", w, h, &scalefactor))==EOF)
_throw("Read error");
break;
case 1:
if((numread=sscanf(temps, "%d %d", h, &scalefactor))==EOF)
_throw("Read error");
break;
case 2:
if((numread=sscanf(temps, "%d", &scalefactor))==EOF)
_throw("Read error");
break;
}
totalread+=numread;
} while(totalread<3);
if((*w)<1 || (*h)<1 || scalefactor<1) _throw("Corrupt PPM header");
dstpitch=(((*w)*ps[f])+(align-1))&(~(align-1));
if((*buf=(unsigned char *)malloc(dstpitch*(*h)))==NULL)
_throw("Memory allocation error");
if(ascii)
{
for(j=0; j<*h; j++)
{
for(i=0; i<*w; i++)
{
if(fscanf(fs, "%d%d%d", &pixel[0], &pixel[1], &pixel[2])!=3)
_throw("Read error");
(*buf)[j*dstpitch+i*ps[f]+roffset[f]]=(unsigned char)(pixel[0]*255/scalefactor);
(*buf)[j*dstpitch+i*ps[f]+goffset[f]]=(unsigned char)(pixel[1]*255/scalefactor);
(*buf)[j*dstpitch+i*ps[f]+boffset[f]]=(unsigned char)(pixel[2]*255/scalefactor);
}
}
}
else
{
if(scalefactor!=255)
_throw("Binary PPMs must have 8-bit components");
if((tempbuf=(unsigned char *)malloc((*w)*(*h)*3))==NULL)
_throw("Memory allocation error");
if(fread(tempbuf, (*w)*(*h)*3, 1, fs)!=1) _throw("Read error");
pixelconvert(tempbuf, BMP_RGB, (*w)*3, *buf, f, dstpitch, *w, *h, dstbottomup);
}
finally:
if(fs) {fclose(fs); *fd=-1;}
if(tempbuf) free(tempbuf);
return retcode;
}
int loadbmp(char *filename, unsigned char **buf, int *w, int *h,
enum BMPPIXELFORMAT f, int align, int dstbottomup)
{
int fd=-1, bytesread, srcpitch, srcbottomup=1, srcps, dstpitch,
retcode=0;
unsigned char *tempbuf=NULL;
bmphdr bh; int flags=O_RDONLY;
dstbottomup=dstbottomup? 1:0;
#ifdef _WIN32
flags|=O_BINARY;
#endif
if(!filename || !buf || !w || !h || f<0 || f>BMPPIXELFORMATS-1 || align<1)
_throw("invalid argument to loadbmp()");
if((align&(align-1))!=0)
_throw("Alignment must be a power of 2");
_unix(fd=open(filename, flags));
readme(fd, &bh.bfType, sizeof(unsigned short));
if(!littleendian()) bh.bfType=byteswap16(bh.bfType);
if(bh.bfType==0x3650)
{
_catch(loadppm(&fd, buf, w, h, f, align, dstbottomup, 0));
goto finally;
}
if(bh.bfType==0x3350)
{
_catch(loadppm(&fd, buf, w, h, f, align, dstbottomup, 1));
goto finally;
}
readme(fd, &bh.bfSize, sizeof(unsigned int));
readme(fd, &bh.bfReserved1, sizeof(unsigned short));
readme(fd, &bh.bfReserved2, sizeof(unsigned short));
readme(fd, &bh.bfOffBits, sizeof(unsigned int));
readme(fd, &bh.biSize, sizeof(unsigned int));
readme(fd, &bh.biWidth, sizeof(int));
readme(fd, &bh.biHeight, sizeof(int));
readme(fd, &bh.biPlanes, sizeof(unsigned short));
readme(fd, &bh.biBitCount, sizeof(unsigned short));
readme(fd, &bh.biCompression, sizeof(unsigned int));
readme(fd, &bh.biSizeImage, sizeof(unsigned int));
readme(fd, &bh.biXPelsPerMeter, sizeof(int));
readme(fd, &bh.biYPelsPerMeter, sizeof(int));
readme(fd, &bh.biClrUsed, sizeof(unsigned int));
readme(fd, &bh.biClrImportant, sizeof(unsigned int));
if(!littleendian())
{
bh.bfSize=byteswap(bh.bfSize);
bh.bfOffBits=byteswap(bh.bfOffBits);
bh.biSize=byteswap(bh.biSize);
bh.biWidth=byteswap(bh.biWidth);
bh.biHeight=byteswap(bh.biHeight);
bh.biPlanes=byteswap16(bh.biPlanes);
bh.biBitCount=byteswap16(bh.biBitCount);
bh.biCompression=byteswap(bh.biCompression);
bh.biSizeImage=byteswap(bh.biSizeImage);
bh.biXPelsPerMeter=byteswap(bh.biXPelsPerMeter);
bh.biYPelsPerMeter=byteswap(bh.biYPelsPerMeter);
bh.biClrUsed=byteswap(bh.biClrUsed);
bh.biClrImportant=byteswap(bh.biClrImportant);
}
if(bh.bfType!=0x4d42 || bh.bfOffBits<BMPHDRSIZE
|| bh.biWidth<1 || bh.biHeight==0)
_throw("Corrupt bitmap header");
if((bh.biBitCount!=24 && bh.biBitCount!=32) || bh.biCompression!=BI_RGB)
_throw("Only uncompessed RGB bitmaps are supported");
*w=bh.biWidth; *h=bh.biHeight; srcps=bh.biBitCount/8;
if(*h<0) {*h=-(*h); srcbottomup=0;}
srcpitch=(((*w)*srcps)+3)&(~3);
dstpitch=(((*w)*ps[f])+(align-1))&(~(align-1));
if(srcpitch*(*h)+bh.bfOffBits!=bh.bfSize) _throw("Corrupt bitmap header");
if((tempbuf=(unsigned char *)malloc(srcpitch*(*h)))==NULL
|| (*buf=(unsigned char *)malloc(dstpitch*(*h)))==NULL)
_throw("Memory allocation error");
if(lseek(fd, (long)bh.bfOffBits, SEEK_SET)!=(long)bh.bfOffBits)
_throw(strerror(errno));
_unix(bytesread=read(fd, tempbuf, srcpitch*(*h)));
if(bytesread!=srcpitch*(*h)) _throw("Read error");
pixelconvert(tempbuf, BMP_BGR, srcpitch, *buf, f, dstpitch, *w, *h,
srcbottomup!=dstbottomup);
finally:
if(tempbuf) free(tempbuf);
if(fd!=-1) close(fd);
return retcode;
}
#define writeme(fd, addr, size) \
if((byteswritten=write(fd, addr, (size)))==-1) _throw(strerror(errno)); \
if(byteswritten!=(size)) _throw("Write error");
int saveppm(char *filename, unsigned char *buf, int w, int h,
enum BMPPIXELFORMAT f, int srcpitch, int srcbottomup)
{
FILE *fs=NULL; int retcode=0;
unsigned char *tempbuf=NULL;
if((fs=fopen(filename, "wb"))==NULL) _throw(strerror(errno));
if(fprintf(fs, "P6\n")<1) _throw("Write error");
if(fprintf(fs, "%d %d\n", w, h)<1) _throw("Write error");
if(fprintf(fs, "255\n")<1) _throw("Write error");
if((tempbuf=(unsigned char *)malloc(w*h*3))==NULL)
_throw("Memory allocation error");
pixelconvert(buf, f, srcpitch, tempbuf, BMP_RGB, w*3, w, h,
srcbottomup);
if((fwrite(tempbuf, w*h*3, 1, fs))!=1) _throw("Write error");
finally:
if(tempbuf) free(tempbuf);
if(fs) fclose(fs);
return retcode;
}
int savebmp(char *filename, unsigned char *buf, int w, int h,
enum BMPPIXELFORMAT f, int srcpitch, int srcbottomup)
{
int fd=-1, byteswritten, dstpitch, retcode=0;
int flags=O_RDWR|O_CREAT|O_TRUNC;
unsigned char *tempbuf=NULL; char *temp;
bmphdr bh; int mode;
#ifdef _WIN32
flags|=O_BINARY; mode=_S_IREAD|_S_IWRITE;
#else
mode=S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR|S_IRGRP|S_IWGRP|S_IROTH|S_IWOTH;
#endif
if(!filename || !buf || w<1 || h<1 || f<0 || f>BMPPIXELFORMATS-1 || srcpitch<0)
_throw("bad argument to savebmp()");
if(srcpitch==0) srcpitch=w*ps[f];
if((temp=strrchr(filename, '.'))!=NULL)
{
if(!strcasecmp(temp, ".ppm"))
return saveppm(filename, buf, w, h, f, srcpitch, srcbottomup);
}
_unix(fd=open(filename, flags, mode));
dstpitch=((w*3)+3)&(~3);
bh.bfType=0x4d42;
bh.bfSize=BMPHDRSIZE+dstpitch*h;
bh.bfReserved1=0; bh.bfReserved2=0;
bh.bfOffBits=BMPHDRSIZE;
bh.biSize=40;
bh.biWidth=w; bh.biHeight=h;
bh.biPlanes=0; bh.biBitCount=24;
bh.biCompression=BI_RGB; bh.biSizeImage=0;
bh.biXPelsPerMeter=0; bh.biYPelsPerMeter=0;
bh.biClrUsed=0; bh.biClrImportant=0;
if(!littleendian())
{
bh.bfType=byteswap16(bh.bfType);
bh.bfSize=byteswap(bh.bfSize);
bh.bfOffBits=byteswap(bh.bfOffBits);
bh.biSize=byteswap(bh.biSize);
bh.biWidth=byteswap(bh.biWidth);
bh.biHeight=byteswap(bh.biHeight);
bh.biPlanes=byteswap16(bh.biPlanes);
bh.biBitCount=byteswap16(bh.biBitCount);
bh.biCompression=byteswap(bh.biCompression);
bh.biSizeImage=byteswap(bh.biSizeImage);
bh.biXPelsPerMeter=byteswap(bh.biXPelsPerMeter);
bh.biYPelsPerMeter=byteswap(bh.biYPelsPerMeter);
bh.biClrUsed=byteswap(bh.biClrUsed);
bh.biClrImportant=byteswap(bh.biClrImportant);
}
writeme(fd, &bh.bfType, sizeof(unsigned short));
writeme(fd, &bh.bfSize, sizeof(unsigned int));
writeme(fd, &bh.bfReserved1, sizeof(unsigned short));
writeme(fd, &bh.bfReserved2, sizeof(unsigned short));
writeme(fd, &bh.bfOffBits, sizeof(unsigned int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biSize, sizeof(unsigned int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biWidth, sizeof(int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biHeight, sizeof(int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biPlanes, sizeof(unsigned short));
writeme(fd, &bh.biBitCount, sizeof(unsigned short));
writeme(fd, &bh.biCompression, sizeof(unsigned int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biSizeImage, sizeof(unsigned int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biXPelsPerMeter, sizeof(int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biYPelsPerMeter, sizeof(int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biClrUsed, sizeof(unsigned int));
writeme(fd, &bh.biClrImportant, sizeof(unsigned int));
if((tempbuf=(unsigned char *)malloc(dstpitch*h))==NULL)
_throw("Memory allocation error");
pixelconvert(buf, f, srcpitch, tempbuf, BMP_BGR, dstpitch, w, h,
!srcbottomup);
if((byteswritten=write(fd, tempbuf, dstpitch*h))!=dstpitch*h)
_throw(strerror(errno));
finally:
if(tempbuf) free(tempbuf);
if(fd!=-1) close(fd);
return retcode;
}
const char *bmpgeterr(void)
{
return __bmperr;
}